The final word information to getting upgraded on United Airways

With elevated ticket costs and the identical decreased pandemic-era standing necessities in 2022, many United Airways MileagePlus members have not too long ago certified for Premier standing.

In consequence, it’s changing into tougher to attain flight upgrades. We frequently advocate reserving the seat or resort room you need with factors to keep away from being disillusioned if an improve isn’t accessible.

That stated, regardless of upgrades changing into much less widespread, they don’t seem to be inconceivable, and there are a number of methods for United Airways passengers to land a greater seat.

We’ll stroll via every thing it’s essential learn about improve eligibility, precedence and extra for United Airways.

Looking for improve stock

Earlier than you possibly can rating a greater seat in your subsequent United-operated flight, it’s essential to discover seats the provider has designated for upgrades.

That is primarily based on United’s fare lessons, which you’ll assessment in this complete information. United makes use of three totally different fare lessons to indicate improve stock, as follows:

  • RN: Upgrades to Premium Plus for all passengers.
  • PZ: Upgrades to home top notch or Polaris enterprise class for PlusPoints (issued to Premier Platinum and 1K members), upgrades utilizing miles and instantaneous upgrades for Premier Golds and decrease.
  • PN: Upgrades for World Companies members utilizing PlusPoints, and instantaneous upgrades for GS and Premier 1K members.

Armed with this info, flip to United’s “skilled mode.” Whereas skilled mode did not work correctly on for a number of months, it appears to be again in our assessments.

After enabling this hidden characteristic, you’ll see what number of seats can be found in every fare bucket when trying to find income flights on United.

Usually talking, you’ll have probably the most luck discovering improve stock far upfront or simply earlier than departure.

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For instance, take a look at the next flight from San Francisco Worldwide Airport (SFO) to Tahiti’s Faaa Worldwide Airport (PPT). This flight has wide-open seats in each fare class.


Be aware that “PN9” signifies that there are 9 or extra Polaris seats accessible as upgrades for World Companies vacationers utilizing PlusPoints or miles, whereas “PZ9” signifies that there are additionally 9 or extra seats accessible for mileage and PlusPoint upgrades for all non-World Service vacationers. Lastly, the “RN9” signifies 9 or extra seats can be found for mileage and PlusPoint upgrades.

It’s price noting that improve stock is totally different than common award stock. Nevertheless, since improve area usually correlates with award area, it is no shock that on this flight, you can too use miles to fly in Polaris enterprise class with “I9.”

As you would possibly count on, which means there are 9 or extra seats for a business-class saver mileage redemption.

Let us take a look at one other instance with much less availability — from Newark Liberty Worldwide Airport (EWR) to Orlando Worldwide Airport (MCO).


This airplane would not have a Premium Plus cabin, however there are two seats left in top notch — indicated by “J2.”

A type of seats may be confirmed utilizing PlusPoints or miles, as proven by “PZ1.” One TPG staffer has routinely confirmed last-minute upgrades, with United releasing first-class seats to the “PZ” fare class shortly earlier than departure.

Alternatively, full-fare economic system Premier members can verify this seat — due to “PN1.” We’ll focus on instantaneous upgrades within the subsequent part.

There are not any saver first-class seats for basic members (“I0”). Moreover, there are not any first-class saver seats for mid- and upper-tier Premier members/premium United Chase bank card holders (“IN0”).

Associated: Easy methods to unlock extra award availability with United

Improve precedence

United Airways Polaris enterprise class on the Boeing 777-300ER. KYLE OLSEN/THE POINTS GUY

Simply discovering improve stock is barely half of the puzzle. You additionally want to grasp the order by which your improve shall be processed in case it doesn’t clear while you guide. United’s upgrades are cut up into two classes:

Immediate upgrades on the time of ticketing

United Premier members touring on the 2 highest-priced economy-fare lessons — Y and B — are eligible for an instantaneous improve when ticketing on choose flights (assuming PN stock is out there). For Premier 1K members, this extends to M fares as nicely.

As well as, clients making use of miles or a certificates to maneuver as much as the following cabin may even have the ability to verify the improve immediately when the mandatory fare buckets (above) can be found.

In my expertise, M-, B- and Y-fare economy-class tickets are sometimes costlier than first-class tickets.

Waitlist upgrades

Overwhelmingly, your improve received’t clear on the time of reserving, so that you’ll find yourself on the waitlist for an improve. This might not be confirmed till just a few days earlier than the flight or might even occur on the gate simply earlier than departure. Sadly, there are many upgrades that by no means clear.

For requests on the waitlist, United will clear them within the following order of precedence:

  1. World Companies passengers: Whatever the fare class, United will clear upgrades for World Companies members earlier than another Premier members.
  2. Premium Plus passengers: Passengers booked within the O, A and R fare lessons (which signify United Premium Plus) have larger improve precedence than these in economic system class.
  3. Improve sort: These redeeming PlusPoints or miles for an improve are prioritized forward of elite members counting on a complimentary Premier improve.
  4. Premier elite standing of the traveler: After Premium Plus passengers and improve sort, elite standing is the following tie-breaker. United World Companies members take the lead, adopted by Premier 1K, Premier Platinum, Premier Gold and Premier Silver members.
  5. Fare class: For normal economic system tickets, the precedence order for various fare lessons is as follows: Y, B, M, E, U, H, Q, V, W, S, T, L, Okay, G. Complimentary Premier upgrades on award tickets shall be prioritized after the bottom paid fare class.
  6. Chase United MileagePlus Membership cardholders and Presidential Plus cardholders.
  7. United Company Most well-liked individuals.
  8. Chase United MileagePlus cardholders with $25,000 in annual spending.
  9. Date and time of the request.

Not all of those elements will come into play on each flight. Nevertheless, if a number of passengers with the identical elite standing tier request an improve, United will transfer down the listing and use fare class as a tie-breaker.

If that doesn’t work, the system will proceed to the bank card sort the passenger holds (if any), spending threshold and, lastly, the time the request was submitted.



In September 2019, United removed its outdated system utilizing World Premier Upgrades and Regional Premier Upgrades. United changed these with the present improve certificates forex: PlusPoints.

This is the way you earn PlusPoints:

  • 40 PlusPoints while you attain Platinum.
  • 280 PlusPoints while you attain Premier 1K or World Companies.
  • 20 PlusPoints for each 2,000 Premier qualifying factors earned past 15,000 (2022) and 18,000 (2023) Premier qualifying factors wanted for Premier 1K standing.

United MileagePlus members who meet the necessities for Platinum standing and subsequently qualify for 1K will earn a complete of 320 PlusPoints.

PlusPoints can be utilized for one more traveler’s reservations. If you wish to improve your pal with PlusPoints, you will must log in to your MileagePlus account and have their six-digit affirmation quantity useful.

Inside PlusPoints, there are two classes and ranging value elements to grasp.

Waitlist upgrades

You need to use PlusPoints to improve in numerous methods, and we’ll cowl pricing under. What’s essential to grasp right here is that you should use PlusPoints to place your self on the waitlist, much like what we described above.


Discover that United informs you of the coverage in the course of the request course of. Select the seats you wish to request along with your PlusPoints and see the related costs. You’ll solely pay along with your PlusPoints if the improve clears. You may also set totally different preferences for every leg of your journey.

You’ll want the next quantities of PlusPoints for upgrades on worldwide flights with a Polaris cabin (i.e., worldwide flights outdoors of Canada and Central America):

  • Economic system to Premium Plus: 20 PlusPoints.
  • Premium Plus to Polaris: 30 PlusPoints.
  • Economic system to Polaris (Y, B, M, E, U, H, Q, V and W fares): 40 PlusPoints.
  • Economic system to Polaris (S, T, L, Okay and G fares): 80 PlusPoints.
  • ANA, Copa and Lufthansa eligible economic system class to enterprise: 40 PlusPoints.

Skip the waitlist upgrades

Whereas United advertises skip-the-waitlist upgrades completely for Premier 1K members, they’re few and much between.

In the event you discover one, you possibly can skip the waitlist and improve instantly to Polaris enterprise class on long-haul worldwide flights, topic to availability. In case your itinerary additionally contains home legs, you’ll be waitlisted for these — except speedy improve area is out there.


Whilst you’ll usually pay 20 PlusPoints to maneuver from economic system to premium economic system or 40 PlusPoints to get into enterprise, costs to “skip the waitlist” are a lot larger — they fluctuate by flight, departure date and availability.

Nonetheless, they will get as excessive as 100 PlusPoints (and even larger throughout peak instances) to maneuver from economic system to Polaris.

This represents a 250%-275% improve in value. Along with the upper prices, it’s best to notice that these factors are nonrefundable. Which means as soon as the improve is confirmed, there isn’t any option to get your PlusPoints again if it’s essential cancel the flight. In addition they can’t be used to verify upgrades on different flights in case you change your flights.

Thus, upgrading instantly utilizing PlusPoints on sure long-haul flights is feasible. As lengthy you are ticketed within the W or larger fare class, this characteristic shall be accessible to Premium Plus and Polaris, topic to availability. Lastly, this characteristic isn’t accessible inside 30 days of departure.

Associated: United makes it tougher to earn Premier standing, provides new methods to unlock perks

MileagePlus improve awards

United additionally lets you redeem miles for an improve. You’ll be able to even examine the variety of miles (and probably co-pay) required on the airline’s improve award chart.

For instance, TPG factors and miles reporter Kyle Olsen has booked a visit with United from San Francisco Worldwide Airport (SFO) to Honolulu’s Daniel Okay. Inouye Worldwide Airport (HNL).

He booked the most cost effective, non-basic-economy ticket within the L fare class. In line with United, an improve prices 27,500 miles plus $125 one-way. Since he is a Premier 1K member, the $125 improve co-pay is waived.


On his flight, although, there is no such thing as a PZ fare class availability, so he’d be left on the waitlist.

He might have additionally opted to redeem 20 PlusPoints to be added to the improve waitlist or pay $567 for this one-way improve.

Since 27,500 United miles are price $332.75 primarily based on TPG’s most up-to-date valuations, it is likely to be price utilizing miles as a substitute of paying money, however in all honesty, it is unlikely an improve would clear on this flight except you pay money to verify it.

You’ll be able to request these upgrades when buying your ticket or after buy by clicking on “Handle your reservation” and clicking the “Improve cabin” button on the prime of the display.

MileagePlus upgrades are legitimate on most paid tickets on United-operated flights, excluding fundamental economic system tickets, if seats can be found.


Kyle reserved a Premium Plus seat at no extra value on this specific flight utilizing this hack.

Associated: Nonetheless wants work: A assessment of United Premium Plus on the Boeing 787-10

Complimentary Premier upgrades


United is slightly beneficiant in making complimentary Premier upgrades accessible to members with each tier of Premier elite standing. This contains one companion touring on the identical reservation — even for lowly Silver elite members like myself.

CPUs shall be robotically requested for you on all eligible flights, that are paid tickets on United- and United Categorical-operated flights (excluding fundamental economic system tickets) within the following areas:

  • Continental U.S. (excluding premium, transcontinental companies).
  • Hawaii (West Coast departures solely).
  • Alaska.
  • Canada.
  • Mexico.
  • Central America.
  • The Caribbean.
  • Oceania (excluding Tahiti).

In the event you’re touring to Hawaii, complimentary upgrades are solely accessible on flights from California — particularly Los Angeles Worldwide Airport (LAX), John Wayne Airport (SNA) or San Francisco Worldwide Airport (SFO).

Suppose you’re touring on United’s 11-hour flight from Newark Liberty Worldwide Airport (EWR) to Honolulu or departing from any of the provider’s different hubs. In that case, you’d must redeem miles or use PlusPoints (mentioned under).

The identical applies to the provider’s nonstop, premium transcontinental flights — from Newark or Boston Logan Worldwide Airport (BOS) to Los Angeles or San Francisco.

As famous above, choose elite members are eligible for immediate upgrades when booked into the very best fare lessons, so long as there’s improve stock accessible. In the event you aren’t upgraded immediately — or are booked right into a decrease fare class — complimentary upgrades, in idea, start to clear primarily based in your elite standing on the following home windows:

  • Premier 1K: 96 hours/4 days earlier than departure.
  • Premier Platinum: 72 hours/three days earlier than departure.
  • Premier Gold: 48 hours/two days earlier than departure.
  • Premier Silver: Day of departure.

Award tickets are usually not eligible for CPUs, however you possibly can circumvent this rule in case you maintain a United cobranded bank card.

Associated: What’s United Airways’ elite standing price?

Backside line

United presents a number of choices for upgrading your flights to a extra snug seat. Most of those choices are advantages for Premier elite members — as you’d count on.

Even in case you don’t fly United continuously sufficient to earn elite standing, it’s best to nonetheless have the ability to improve your journey with money or miles.

All the time examine improve stock first, because the provider is notoriously stingy at opening up stock — particularly upfront.

Further reporting by Kyle Olsen.

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