New exhibition honors the survivors and descendants of final recognized US slave ship, the Clotilda

In the summertime of 1860, a ship known as the Clotilda set sail from West Africa to Alabama’s Cell Bay carrying 110 enslaved Africans. Although home slavery was nonetheless authorized, the worldwide slave commerce had been outlawed 52 years prior. In an try to hide his crime, the person who had organized the switch, Timothy Meaher, ordered the ship to be burned and sunk after the captives had been offloaded and bought to close by plantation homeowners.

Unable to return to their houses in Africa when slavery was abolished in 1865, the survivors discovered a brand new house in Alabama. They bought land and constructed their very own impartial group in Cell referred to as Africatown. That group nonetheless stands at this time.

In 2019, the shipwreck of the Clotilda — the final recognized U.S. slave ship — was discovered on the backside of the Cell River. Now, guests from all around the world can view the remnants of the 163-year-old ship proper within the coronary heart of Africatown at Clotilda: The Exhibition.

Remnants of the Clotilda being excavated from the Cell River. ALABAMA HISTORICAL COMMISSION

Discovering the remnants of the Clotilda might have planted the seeds for the not too long ago opened exhibition. Nonetheless, the fruits bore from these seeds have far much less to do with the ship itself than with the survivors who made that arduous journey and their direct descendants.

Clotilda: The Exhibition is a collaboration between the Historical past Museum of Cell, which curated, constructed and funded the exhibition; the Alabama Historic Fee, which led the scientific efforts surrounding the search; the Cell County Fee, which constructed the Africatown Heritage Home, the place the exhibition is being held; and, after all, the descendants of the Clotilda’s survivors.

Africantown Heritage Home. TIFFANY POGUE

“It is not concerning the ship. It is concerning the individuals,” Meg Fowler, the director of the Historical past Museum of Cell, instructed TPG. “The story begins by introducing you to the individuals who would finally be on the Clotilda and their lives in West Africa.”

As you progress from room to room, you study concerning the voyage, the grim realities of the slave commerce, the resilience of the survivors and the group of Africatown.

“Solely on the finish do you see the fragments of the shipwreck,” Fowler shared. “You study the tales of the individuals and achieve that context earlier than you come to the second of seeing items of the ship.”

West African artifact on show at Clotilda: The Exhibition. HISTORY MUSEUM OF MOBILE

A part of what makes the story of the Clotilda distinctive is that there are such a lot of recorded first-person accounts from the survivors. Some lived into the Nineteen Twenties and past, they usually handed down their first-person accounts of the voyage.

Utilizing this documentation, curators may reproduce correct and heart-wrenching accounts from Clotilda survivors who finally got here to reside in Africatown after slavery was abolished.

“We had been capable of middle the voices of the 110 survivors the place the historic file permits,” Fowler mentioned.

The voices of the Clotilda descendants are additionally distinguished all through the exhibition. In a single room, there’s a wall of names that memorializes the 110 survivors by each their African and American names. Solely 35 of these names are recognized up to now, and you’ll hear the voices of the survivors’ descendants learn every identify aloud. For every of the opposite 75 listings, you’ll hear a descendant repeat the phrase “unknown.”

On this identical room, you may discover what Fowler refers to as “the center of the exhibition.” That is the place you’ll be able to study concerning the founding of Africatown.

“It celebrates the resistance and resilience of the 110 survivors and the way exceptional the group of Africatown is,” Fowler mentioned.

On show, you may discover land deeds, marriage certificates and tales of the college, church and different establishments the residents established.

From there, you’ll be able to view the precise remnants of the Clotilda, displayed in water tanks that assist protect them. Even right here, although, the main target stays on the individuals, not the ship. Along with plaques that specify how every remnant is verified to be from the Clotilda, there are quotes from descendants that describe what the Clotilda’s discovery means to them.


Within the exhibition’s ultimate room, guests study from the descendants themselves concerning the Africatown of at this time and what the longer term holds for the group.

A kind of descendants is Joycelyn Davis, a present resident of Africatown. Davis is the co-founder and vice chairman of the Clotilda Descendants Affiliation, the organizer of the annual Spirit of Our Ancestors Pageant and the group engagement officer for Africatown C.H.E.S.S. (Clear, Wholesome, Secure, Educated, Sustainable) — a company devoted to the preservation and prosperity of Africatown.

Park behind Africatown Heritage Home. TIFFANY POGUE

Davis has lived in Africatown all her life and is a fierce advocate for the group. Even so, her preliminary response to the Clotilda’s discovery was considered one of blended feelings. She did not need the general public’s fascination with the ship to overshadow the tales of her ancestors.

“Theirs is a narrative of resilience, braveness and delight, and that is what I would like individuals to remove,” Davis mentioned. “I am glad as a result of it provides individuals an opportunity to learn about all the ancestors that had been documented and what they had been capable of do collectively as a gaggle.”

When Davis travels, she goes to see the vacationer spots the place she will be able to actually study concerning the historical past of an space. She will already see in her thoughts that Africatown will be a type of locations.

“It is nice having the Africatown Heritage Home, and I am hopeful we will do different issues to rebuild the group,” Davis mentioned.

Actually, she is already properly on her approach to doing simply that. Together with different group members, Davis not too long ago accomplished a tour information coaching program to carry to life Africatown Freedom Excursions. Along with seeing the exhibition, guests can deepen their information and understanding of Africatown and its heritage via an academic sightseeing tour of the realm.

Davis hopes that is solely the start of what is to return for Africatown.

“The story is wealthy, however it does not match the neighborhood,” she mentioned, stating that guests will see dilapidated homes in Africatown’s present panorama.

But when she has something to say about it, that’s all about to vary. She is at the moment working with different group members to attract within the subsequent technology of Africatown residents.

“We wish to herald issues that will probably be engaging to the following technology, whether or not that could be a cafe, an leisure district or perhaps a container yard the place younger professionals can get collectively,” Davis mentioned.

The Reminiscence Keeper sculpture, created by Charles Smith and Frank Ledbetter, represents the previous, current and way forward for Africatown. MOBILE COUNTY COMMISSION

Fowler equally desires the Africatown Heritage Home to be greater than only a museum.

“That is the start of how we inform the story, not the ultimate chapter,” she mentioned. “We wish to be the primary cease. As soon as individuals study Africatown, we will join them with different assets to assist with ongoing schooling and assist of the group.”

Whether or not or not you’ll be able to go to in particular person, there are methods you’ll be able to assist Africatown Heritage Home and Clotilda: The Exhibition. The next Africatown organizations are at the moment accepting donations:

In fact, one of the best ways to indicate your assist is by visiting in particular person. Clotilda: The Exhibition at Africatown Heritage Home is open Tuesday via Saturday from 10 a.m. to five p.m. The exhibition may have restricted capability, so it’s best to buy tickets upfront.

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